|The Jewish claim to the land of the Gaza Strip goes back to the fifteenth chapter of the book of Joshua, when the tribe of Judah
was allotted its portion of the land of Israel - promised by G-D to the descendents of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The territory encompassing "Gaza, its settlements and villages, as far as the Wadi of Egypt and the coastline of the Great Sea," was to make up the western portion of Judah's inheritance. Gaza was for centuries controlled by Israel's arch-nemesis, the Philistines, until their eventual defeat at the hands of King David. In the 11th century, with Jerusalem having been turned into a backwater by the
Roman destruction, the Jewish community of Gaza flourished.